[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [Xen-devel] hypervisor/firmware calling conventions (Was: Re: [PATCH 1/4] xen/arm: basic PSCI support, implement cpu_on)

On Thu, 2013-04-11 at 18:10 +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 11, 2013 at 02:32:28PM +0100, Ian Campbell wrote:
> > Adding Charles and the l-a-k list which I hadn't noticed wasn't CC'd
> > before. Are there other lists which would be useful to include?
> > 
> > On Tue, 2013-04-09 at 14:57 +0100, Ian Campbell wrote:
> > > > +        if ( !hsr.iss )
> > > > +            return do_trap_psci(regs);
> Have you seen this work?

I presume Stefano has.

> Reading the specs, I thought that the SMC immediate is not available in
> the HSR in ARMv7, or when the caller is AArch32.  ARMv7 specifies these
> bits as UNK/SBZP, and the A15 TRM doesn't seem seem to specify any
> extra information.

I trimmed the context so you probably don't know but this is handling
PSCI via an HVC call not SMC, Linux lets you specify which to use in the

I didn't know that about SMC though -- think my eye confused it with
SVC when I scanned the docs. Kind of a lame limitation...

> Otherwise, you would need to go examine the trapped instruction in
> guest memory.  This is even less easy than it sounds.

Right, luckily we avoid it by using hvc.

> > > Ugh, using ISS==0 for this interface is a bit unfortunate, who
> > > arbitrates this namespace?
> Nobody, officially.  ARM is working to promulgate some standards in
> this area, but there is plenty of pre-existing firmware and software
> out there with non-standardised interfaces and it's hard to predict
> adoption timescales.  I believe nothing is published relating to this
> just yet.
> > Xen chose to use a non-0 immediate for its hypercalls so we are lucky
> > that we don't have to play tricks to distinguish PSCI calls from
> > hypercalls but it seems to me that either there needs to be some
> > semi-formal registry for smv/hvc immediates to avoid clashes or that
> > interfaces need to pick a random non-zero number to try and minimise the
> > chances of a clash.
> > 
> > Or maybe it gets pushed down a layer and the registry is of r0/x0
> > function ids and the immediate argument is generally ignored?
> > 
> > But in general we need some way for interfaces provided by hypervisors
> > and secure mode monitors to safely co-exist, I think, both for the case
> > where the hypervisor is implementing a shim for a secure mode interface
> > (i.e. implementing PSCI with hvc) and for the case where there are
> > multiple interfaces at each layer (e.g. hypervisors sometimes want to
> > implement foreign hypervisor interfaces and I can easily imagine other
> > firmware level interfaces than PSCI coming into existence in the
> > future).
> For PSCI and similar firmware functionality, we envisage multiplexing
> all interfaces based on a function number in r0, with arguments and
> results constrained to r0-r7.  For PSCI, we specify SMC #0/HVC #0 as the
> call mechanism.
> For now, there is no global management of the r0 namespace, which
> is why for PSCI we don't make static assumptions about the numbers
> on the client side.  Instead, the function number for each PSCI function
> is passed in the DT.  This means that the firmware or hypervisor can
> allocate the numbers as appropriate to avoid clashes.
> In general, this is likely to be the best approach for Linux until a
> standard probing interface exists.

Yes, this is as good a scheme as we can hope for right now I think.
> In theory we could define a Xen-specific call mechanism for PSCI, but
> that should be avoided unless it is absolutely unavoidable.  It sounds
> like the different SMC comment field means that we don't need to
> worry for Xen/PSCI coexistence specifically, assuming that the hypervisor
> can read it reliably.

I think we've got the Xen side in hand, I was more bringing it up as a
general issue.

> > In the specific case of PSCI I couldn't actually find the calling
> > convention (i.e. the specific registers to use). I suspect I'm just
> > looking at an old version of the spec...
> This is indeed vague in the existing draft.  An update should appear
> soon -- Charles can comment on the current status.
> Cheers
> ---Dave

Xen-devel mailing list



Lists.xenproject.org is hosted with RackSpace, monitoring our
servers 24x7x365 and backed by RackSpace's Fanatical Support®.