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Re: [for-4.15][PATCH v2 5/5] xen/iommu: x86: Clear the root page-table before freeing the page-tables

Hi Kevin,

On 10/02/2021 02:21, Tian, Kevin wrote:
From: Julien Grall <julien@xxxxxxx>
Sent: Tuesday, February 9, 2021 11:28 PM

From: Julien Grall <jgrall@xxxxxxxxxx>

The new per-domain IOMMU page-table allocator will now free the
page-tables when domain's resources are relinquished. However, the root
page-table (i.e. hd->arch.pg_maddr) will not be cleared.

It's the pointer not the table itself.

I don't think the sentence is incorrect. One can view clearing as either clearing the page table itself or the pointer.

Xen may access the IOMMU page-tables afterwards at least in the case of
PV domain:

(XEN) Xen call trace:
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b4b2>] R
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04025b695>] F
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0402695f3>] F iommu_unmap+0x9c/0x129
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0402696a6>] F iommu_legacy_unmap+0x26/0x63
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c5c7>] F mm.c#cleanup_page_mappings+0x139/0x144
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c61d>] F put_page+0x4b/0xb3
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033c87f>] F put_page_from_l1e+0x136/0x13b
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cada>] F devalidate_page+0x256/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d8d6>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l2e+0x8a/0xcf
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cc27>] F devalidate_page+0x3a3/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d807>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l3e+0x8a/0xcf
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cdf0>] F devalidate_page+0x56c/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d64d>] F mm.c#put_pt_page+0x6f/0x80
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d6c7>] F mm.c#put_page_from_l4e+0x69/0x6d
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033cf24>] F devalidate_page+0x6a0/0x8dc
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d396>] F mm.c#_put_page_type+0x236/0x47e
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04033d92e>] F put_page_type_preemptible+0x13/0x15
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04032598a>] F domain.c#relinquish_memory+0x1ff/0x4e9
(XEN)    [<ffff82d0403295f2>] F domain_relinquish_resources+0x2b6/0x36a
(XEN)    [<ffff82d040205cdf>] F domain_kill+0xb8/0x141
(XEN)    [<ffff82d040236cac>] F do_domctl+0xb6f/0x18e5
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04031d098>] F pv_hypercall+0x2f0/0x55f
(XEN)    [<ffff82d04039b432>] F lstar_enter+0x112/0x120

This will result to a use after-free and possibly an host crash or
memory corruption.

Freeing the page-tables further down in domain_relinquish_resources()
would not work because pages may not be released until later if another
domain hold a reference on them.

Once all the PCI devices have been de-assigned, it is actually pointless
to access modify the IOMMU page-tables. So we can simply clear the root
page-table address.

Above two paragraphs are confusing to me. I don't know what exact change
is proposed until looking over the whole patch. Isn't it clearer to just say
"We should clear the root page table pointer in iommu_free_pgtables to
avoid use-after-free after all pgtables are moved to the free list"?

Your sentence explain the approach taken but not the rational behind the approach. Both are equally important for future reference.

I will try to reword it.


Julien Grall



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