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Re: [PATCH 03/12] xen/arm: introduce 1:1 mapping for domUs

On 01/05/2020 02:26, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
On Wed, 15 Apr 2020, Julien Grall wrote:
On 15/04/2020 02:02, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
In some cases it is desirable to map domU memory 1:1 (guest physical ==
physical.) For instance, because we want to assign a device to the domU
but the IOMMU is not present or cannot be used. In these cases, other
mechanisms should be used for DMA protection, e.g. a MPU.

I am not against this, however the documentation should clearly explain that
you are making your platform insecure unless you have other mean for DMA

I'll expand the docs

This patch introduces a new device tree option for dom0less guests to
request a domain to be directly mapped. It also specifies the memory
ranges. This patch documents the new attribute and parses it at boot
time. (However, the implementation of 1:1 mapping is missing and just
BUG() out at the moment.)  Finally the patch sets the new direct_map
flag for DomU domains.

Signed-off-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@xxxxxxxxxx>
   docs/misc/arm/device-tree/booting.txt | 13 +++++++
   docs/misc/arm/passthrough-noiommu.txt | 35 ++++++++++++++++++
   xen/arch/arm/domain_build.c           | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
   3 files changed, 98 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
   create mode 100644 docs/misc/arm/passthrough-noiommu.txt

diff --git a/docs/misc/arm/device-tree/booting.txt
index 5243bc7fd3..fce5f7ed5a 100644
--- a/docs/misc/arm/device-tree/booting.txt
+++ b/docs/misc/arm/device-tree/booting.txt
@@ -159,6 +159,19 @@ with the following properties:
       used, or GUEST_VPL011_SPI+1 if vpl011 is enabled, whichever is
   +- direct-map
+    Optional. An array of integer pairs specifying addresses and sizes.
+    direct_map requests the memory of the domain to be 1:1 mapped with
+    the memory ranges specified as argument. Only sizes that are a
+    power of two number of pages are allowed.
+- #direct-map-addr-cells and #direct-map-size-cells
+    The number of cells to use for the addresses and for the sizes in
+    direct-map. Default and maximum are 2 cells for both addresses and
+    sizes.

As this is going to be mostly used for passthrough, can't we take advantage of
the partial device-tree and describe the memory region using memory node?

With the system device tree bindings that are under discussion the role
of the partial device tree might be reduce going forward, and might even
go away in the long term. For this reason, I would prefer not to add
more things to the partial device tree.

Was the interface you suggested approved by the committee behind system device tree? If not, we will still have to support your proposal + whatever the committee come up with. So I am not entirely sure why using the partial device-tree will be an issue.

It is actually better to keep everything in the partial device-tree as it would avoid to clash with whatever you come up with the system device tree.

Also, I don't think the partial device-tree could ever go away at least in Xen. This is an external interface we provide to the user, removing it would mean users would not be able to upgrade from Xen 4.x to 4.y without any major rewrite of there DT.


Julien Grall



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