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Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH v2] rwlock: allow recursive read locking when already locked in write mode

On 21.02.2020 15:58, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 03:52:28PM +0100, Jan Beulich wrote:
>> On 21.02.2020 15:49, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>>> On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 03:41:59PM +0100, Jan Beulich wrote:
>>>> On 21.02.2020 15:26, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>>>>> On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 02:36:52PM +0100, Jan Beulich wrote:
>>>>>> On 21.02.2020 10:10, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
>>>>>>> On Thu, Feb 20, 2020 at 07:20:06PM +0000, Julien Grall wrote:
>>>>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>>>> On 20/02/2020 17:31, Roger Pau Monne wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Allow a CPU already holding the lock in write mode to also lock it in
>>>>>>>>> read mode. There's no harm in allowing read locking a rwlock that's
>>>>>>>>> already owned by the caller (ie: CPU) in write mode. Allowing such
>>>>>>>>> accesses is required at least for the CPU maps use-case.
>>>>>>>>> In order to do this reserve 14bits of the lock, this allows to support
>>>>>>>>> up to 16384 CPUs. Also reduce the write lock mask to 2 bits: one to
>>>>>>>>> signal there are pending writers waiting on the lock and the other to
>>>>>>>>> signal the lock is owned in write mode. Note the write related data
>>>>>>>>> is using 16bits, this is done in order to be able to clear it (and
>>>>>>>>> thus release the lock) using a 16bit atomic write.
>>>>>>>>> This reduces the maximum number of concurrent readers from 16777216 to
>>>>>>>>> 65536, I think this should still be enough, or else the lock field
>>>>>>>>> can be expanded from 32 to 64bits if all architectures support atomic
>>>>>>>>> operations on 64bit integers.
>>>>>>>> FWIW, arm32 is able to support atomic operations on 64-bit integers.
>>>>>>>>>   static inline void _write_unlock(rwlock_t *lock)
>>>>>>>>>   {
>>>>>>>>> -    /*
>>>>>>>>> -     * If the writer field is atomic, it can be cleared directly.
>>>>>>>>> -     * Otherwise, an atomic subtraction will be used to clear it.
>>>>>>>>> -     */
>>>>>>>>> -    atomic_sub(_QW_LOCKED, &lock->cnts);
>>>>>>>>> +    /* Since the writer field is atomic, it can be cleared directly. 
>>>>>>>>> */
>>>>>>>>> +    ASSERT(_is_write_locked_by_me(atomic_read(&lock->cnts)));
>>>>>>>>> +    BUILD_BUG_ON(_QR_SHIFT != 16);
>>>>>>>>> +    write_atomic((uint16_t *)&lock->cnts, 0);
>>>>>>>> I think this is an abuse to cast an atomic_t() directly into a 
>>>>>>>> uint16_t. You
>>>>>>>> would at least want to use &lock->cnts.counter here.
>>>>>>> Sure, I was wondering about this myself.
>>>>>>> Will wait for more comments, not sure whether this can be fixed upon
>>>>>>> commit if there are no other issues.
>>>>>> It's more than just adding another field specifier here. A cast like
>>>>>> this one is endianness-unsafe, and hence a trap waiting for a big
>>>>>> endian port attempt to fall into. At the very least this should cause
>>>>>> a build failure on big endian systems, even better would be if it was
>>>>>> endianness-safe.
>>>>> Why don't we leave the atomic_dec then?
>>>> Because you need to invoke smp_processor_id() to calculate the value
>>>> to use in the subtraction. I'm not meaning to say I'm entirely
>>>> opposed (seeing how much of a discussion we're having), but the
>>>> "simple write of zero" approach is certainly appealing.
>>> Well, we could avoid the smp_processor_id() call and instead use:
>>> atomic_sub(atomic_read(&lock->cnts) & 0xffff, &lock->cnts);
>> Which would make me suggest atomic_and() again.
> I'm certainly not opposed to that, but in order to get this regression
> fixed I would argue that such atomic_sub is no worse than what's
> currently done.

It's one more read of a potentially heavily contended memory location.

> I can look into adding an atomic_and operation to all arches, but this
> is likely to take time and I would like to get this sorted sooner
> rather than later.

Because of it presumably taking time it was that I also brought up to
consider reverting. Then again, the Arm atomic_and() can, afaict, be
trivially cloned from their "add" counterparts, by replacing the
middle 'd' both in the function names and in the insn mnemonics. It's
just that there shouldn't be atomic_and_return() (for not being
useful, as it doesn't allow reconstructing the original value).


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