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[Xen-devel] [PATCH v4 03/23] xen/arm: document dom0less

Add a new document to provide information on how to use dom0less related
features and their current limitations.

Signed-off-by: Stefano Stabellini <stefanos@xxxxxxxxxx>

Changes in v4:
- rename to .txt
- improve wording

Changes in v3:
- add patch
 docs/misc/arm/dom0less.txt | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 47 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 docs/misc/arm/dom0less.txt

diff --git a/docs/misc/arm/dom0less.txt b/docs/misc/arm/dom0less.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..df96b41
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/misc/arm/dom0less.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,47 @@
+"Dom0less" is a set of Xen features that enable the deployment of a Xen
+system without an hardware domain (often referred to as "dom0"). Each
+feature can be used independently from the others, unless otherwise
+Booting Multiple Domains from Device Tree
+This feature enables Xen to create a set of DomUs alongside Dom0 at boot
+time. Information about the DomUs to be created by Xen is passed to the
+hypervisor via Device Tree. Specifically, the existing Device Tree based
+Multiboot specification has been extended to allow for multiple domains
+to be passed to Xen. See docs/misc/arm/device-tree/booting.txt for more
+information about the Multiboot specification and how to use it.
+Instead of waiting for Dom0 to be fully booted and the Xen tools to
+become available, domains created by Xen this way are started in
+parallel to Dom0. Hence, their boot time is typically much shorter.
+Domains started by Xen at boot time currently have the following
+- they cannot be properly shutdown or rebooted using xl
+If one of them crashes, the whole platform should be rebooted.
+- some xl operations might not work as expected
+xl is meant to be used with domains that have been created by it. Using
+xl with domains started by Xen at boot might not work as expected.
+- the GIC version is the native version
+In absence of other information, the GIC version exposed to the domains
+started by Xen at boot is the same as the native GIC version.
+- no PV drivers
+There is no support for PV devices at the moment. All devices need to be
+statically assigned to guests.
+- vCPU pinning
+Pinning vCPUs of domains started by Xen at boot can be done from dom0,
+using `xl vcpu-pin' as usual. It is not currently possible to configure
+vCPU pinning for domains other than dom0 without dom0. However, the NULL
+scheduler can be selected by passing `sched=null' to the Xen command
+line. The NULL scheduler automatically assigns and pins vCPUs to pCPUs,
+but the vCPU-pCPU assignments cannot be configured.

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