[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [Xen-devel] [RFC PATCH 09/49] ARM: VGIC: change to level-IRQ compatible IRQ injection interface


On 12/02/18 12:19, Julien Grall wrote:
> On 12/02/18 11:59, Andre Przywara wrote:
>> Hi,
> Hi Andre,
>> On 12/02/18 11:15, Julien Grall wrote:
>>> Hi Andre,
>>> On 09/02/18 14:38, Andre Przywara wrote:
>>>> diff --git a/xen/arch/arm/vgic.c b/xen/arch/arm/vgic.c
>>>> index 5f47aa84a9..2fc6e19625 100644
>>>> --- a/xen/arch/arm/vgic.c
>>>> +++ b/xen/arch/arm/vgic.c
>>>> @@ -285,7 +285,7 @@ bool vgic_migrate_irq(struct vcpu *old, struct
>>>> vcpu *new, unsigned int irq)
>>>>            vgic_remove_irq_from_queues(old, p);
>>>>            irq_set_affinity(p->desc, cpumask_of(new->processor));
>>>>            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&old->arch.vgic.lock, flags);
>>>> -        vgic_vcpu_inject_irq(new, irq);
>>>> +        vgic_inject_irq(new->domain, new, irq, true);
>>>>            return true;
>>>>        }
>>>>        /* if the IRQ is in a GICH_LR register, set
>>>> @@ -444,7 +444,7 @@ bool vgic_to_sgi(struct vcpu *v, register_t sgir,
>>>> enum gic_sgi_mode irqmode,
>>>>                            sgir, target->list);
>>>>                    continue;
>>>>                }
>>>> -            vgic_vcpu_inject_irq(d->vcpu[vcpuid], virq);
>>>> +            vgic_inject_irq(d, d->vcpu[vcpuid], virq, true);
>>>>            }
>>>>            break;
>>>>        case SGI_TARGET_OTHERS:
>>>> @@ -453,12 +453,12 @@ bool vgic_to_sgi(struct vcpu *v, register_t
>>>> sgir, enum gic_sgi_mode irqmode,
>>>>            {
>>>>                if ( i != current->vcpu_id && d->vcpu[i] != NULL &&
>>>>                     is_vcpu_online(d->vcpu[i]) )
>>>> -                vgic_vcpu_inject_irq(d->vcpu[i], virq);
>>>> +                vgic_inject_irq(d, d->vcpu[i], virq, true);
>>>>            }
>>>>            break;
>>>>        case SGI_TARGET_SELF:
>>>>            perfc_incr(vgic_sgi_self);
>>>> -        vgic_vcpu_inject_irq(d->vcpu[current->vcpu_id], virq);
>>>> +        vgic_inject_irq(d, current, virq, true);
>>>>            break;
>>>>        default:
>>>>            gprintk(XENLOG_WARNING,
>>>> @@ -518,13 +518,29 @@ void vgic_remove_irq_from_queues(struct vcpu *v,
>>>> struct pending_irq *p)
>>>>        gic_remove_from_lr_pending(v, p);
>>>>    }
>>>>    -void vgic_vcpu_inject_irq(struct vcpu *v, unsigned int virq)
>>>> +int vgic_inject_irq(struct domain *d, struct vcpu *v, unsigned int
>>>> virq,
>>>> +                    bool level)
>>> Looking at the code after the series has been applied, no one is caring
>>> about the return value of vgic_inject_irq. So what is the rationale
>>> behind changing the return type from void to int?
>> The KVM version returns an error value, in particular when:
>> - the VGIC has not been initialized yet
>> - we can't determine the VCPU for a private interrupt
>> - the interrupt ID is invalid (SPI beyond limit, not mapped LPI)
>> In the moment it's not very useful for Xen: the first two conditions
>> don't really happen, consequently I removed those checks. But the third
>> check may become interesting once we get LPIs. Also since Xen currently
>> uses a void prototype for injection, *this* patch *now* doesn't exploit
>> the newly gained possibility of properly handling errors. From briefly
>> checking all the users, all of them seem to be in void functions, so
>> indeed an error return is not very useful.
>> The reasons I kept it in was to allow introduction of checks later. I
>> think having a function returning an error where some users ignore this
>> is better than the other way round.
> I don't think it is much better. This is a way to expose yet another
> security issue because the return is not correctly checked (see XSA-246
> for instance). Any return value should be checked or have a comment
> explaining why it is fine.
>> So of course I can easily make this void, but I wonder what we do in
>> those cases where the SPI is not valid, for instance? Shall we print
>> some (rate-limited) warning?
> I can understand why KVM needs such interface as the interrupt
> controller may be emulated QEMU.

It is also that interrupts from emulated devices are injected from QEMU
in userland, and the ioctl used for that can and will return an error.
So we can propagate this condition to the device. If and what the
devices does with that information, is another question, though, but out
of scope for KVM.

> But I can't see why a SPI would not be
> valid in Xen context (except programming error). So could give an example?

In KVM the KVM_IRQ_LINE ioctl allows to inject an arbitrary number, so
checking this and returning an error is natural and mandatory.

> What would you expect the caller to do on error? Except printing an
> error message?

I don't know either. Comparing this to hardware, an IRQ is usually
fire-and-forget (separating the interrupt line from the interrupt state
here), so a device doesn't really handle the case when an IRQ does not
make it through (it can't know easily anyway). However the whole state
machine might get busted in the process (if no one lowers the line, for
So looking at this printing a message looks like the best choice.

I checked all users of vgic_inject_irq(), at the moment all IRQ numbers
passed in look safe: they are either hardcoded (timer, evtchn) or
validated before (hardware IRQs, when they are tied to a virtual IRQ).
So indeed we *should* never see an invalid IRQ number, at the moment.
I need to check how this changes with the ITS, though.

So we could change the prototype (back) to void, but print some error
message if the vgic_get_irq() call fails within vgic_inject_irq().


Xen-devel mailing list



Lists.xenproject.org is hosted with RackSpace, monitoring our
servers 24x7x365 and backed by RackSpace's Fanatical Support®.